References

Alts

https://bitcoinmagazine.com/guides/what-altcoin/

https://www.reddit.com/r/CryptoCurrency/comments/7lxq79/full_list_of_privacy_coins_networks/

http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/asset.html

https://medium.com/startup-grind/understanding-the-difference-between-coins-utility-tokens-and-tokenized-securities-a6522655fb91

https://news.earn.com/thoughts-on-tokens-436109aabcbe

http://www.nasdaq.com/article/3-types-of-cryptocurrencies-you-need-to-know-cm905488

http://strategiccoin.com/difference-utility-tokens-equity-tokens/

https://ethereum.github.io/yellowpaper/paper.pdf

https://github.com/dashpay/dash/wiki/Whitepaper

https://www.cardanohub.org/en/home/

Scalability

https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/understanding-the-lightning-network-part-building-a-bidirectional-payment-channel-1464710791/

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Lightning_Network

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Block_size_limit_controversy

https://segwit.org/segregated-witness-and-aligning-economic-incentives-with-resource-costs-7d987b135c00

https://www.coindesk.com/the-risks-of-bitcoins-segregated-witness-problems-under-us-contract-law/

https://blockchaind.net/bitcoin-developers-block-size-increase/

Security & Cryptography

On public key cryptography:

https://medium.com/@vrypan/explaining-public-key-cryptography-to-non-geeks-f0994b3c2d5

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9JGmA5_unY

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa998077(v=exchg.65).aspx

On elliptic curve cryptography & cryptographic hash functions:

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Private_key

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2013/10/a-relatively-easy-to-understand-primer-on-elliptic-curve-cryptography/

https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Secp256k1

https://chrispacia.wordpress.com/2013/10/30/nsa-backdoors-and-bitcoin/

https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trapdoor_function

Smart Contracts

https://philadelphiafed.org/-/media/bank-resources/supervision-and-regulation/events/2017/fintech/resources/blockchain-disruption-smart-contracts.pdf?la=en

https://hackernoon.com/neo-versus-ethereum-why-neo-might-be-2018s-strongest-cryptocurrency-79956138bea3

https://web.archive.org/web/20170205142845/http://lamport.azurewebsites.net/pubs/byz.pdf

https://github.com/neo-project/docs/blob/master/en-us/index.md

http://docs.neo.org/en-us/node/consensus.html

http://www.ethdocs.org/en/latest/

http://www.lawjournalnewsletters.com/sites/lawjournalnewsletters/2017/09/01/are-smart-contracts-smart-enough/?slreturn=20180031193723

“Ethereum,” by Henning Diedrich

Proof of

https://blog.wavesplatform.com/review-of-blockchain-consensus-mechanisms-f575afae38f2

https://www.ccn.com/bitcoins-future-proof-of-stake-vs-proof-of-work/

https://medium.com/dash-for-newbies/what-the-heck-is-a-dash-masternode-and-how-do-i-get-one-56e24121417e

https://medium.com/dash-for-newbies/savers-have-to-become-investors-why-i-invested-in-a-dash-masternode-share-93de6c530a11

https://medium.com/@robertgreenfieldiv/vulnerability-proof-of-work-vs-proof-of-stake-f0c44807d18c

https://github.com/ethereum/research/blob/master/papers/casper-basics/casper_basics.pdf

https://seekingalpha.com/article/4132934-ethereums-casper-protocol-will-address-problems-proof-stake

https://cryptoslate.com/ethereum-suprasses-1000-strong-crypto-market-launch-casper-test-net/

https://digiconomist.net/bitcoin-energy-consumption

History

https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=082112002094023102113031086100020117099072067012079043078012090123093104102065003011021023022028055040113122027119098073001122107025064010065100019064093103118011104021092060121121084026112066085064121124122124031118119092000077092091096024103024009008&EXT=pdf

https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

https://www.activism.net/cypherpunk/manifesto.html

Ethereum by Henning Diedrich

https://futurism.com/images/the-entire-history-of-bitcoin-in-a-single-infographic/

http://cs.ru.nl/~jhh/pub/secsem/chaum1985bigbrother.pdf

http://gawker.com/the-underground-website-where-you-can-buy-any-drug-imag-30818160

Legal & Political

https://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwood/2017/12/28/loophole-allows-tax-free-bitcoin-exchanges-into-2018/#4a31d7d912fa

https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/cryptocurrency-regulation-2018-where-world-stands-right-now/

https://www.sec.gov/news/public-statement/statement-clayton-2017-12-11